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Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Ethics and Eligibility

Membership Series

Publications Series

State Series

Regional Representatives Series

National Championship Series

Regional Championships Series

Legal Series

SAPECW Series

Financial Series



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Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records, 1969-1984 | Eastern Kentucky University - Special Collections and Archives

By Neil Kasiak and Nell Hensley

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Collection Overview

Title: Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records, 1969-1984Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Primary Creator: Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. Southern Region II (13 Jan 1969 - 2 Nov 1984)

Extent: 14.1 Cubic Feet

Date Acquired: 04/18/1983. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Athletics., Athletics for women., College sports--Management., Sports for women--Management, Title IX., Women athletes.

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection documents the administrative history of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, Southern Region II. The AIAW Southern Region II included collegiate institutions from Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia so most documents originate from the aforementioned states. The materials highlight the AIAW and its Southern Region II's formation in 1972, their ten year existence, and eventual dissolution in 1983. The types of items in this collection include administrative documents and correspondence, financial records, organization handbooks, regional and national tournament records and reports, and, ethics and eligibility materials. Region II Representative records, AIAW National Minutes reports, publications from other AIAW regions, and various women's athletics related materials are also found in this collection. A Legal Series that documents the lawsuits that the AIAW filed against both the National Broadcasting Company and the National Collegiate Athletics Association is of special interest.

Biographical Note

The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), and the corresponding AIAW Southern Region II, played a fundamental role in institutionalizing women's intercollegiate competition. After forming in 1972, the AIAW established competition networks and developed a sustainable competition strategy that animated women's athletics in the United States. The AIAW maintained a prominent role in intercollegiate organizing and competition until 1983, when it dissolved in response to the National Collegiate Athletics Association's (NCAA) involvement in monopolizing women's intercollegiate competition and the accompanying revenues.

Even though women's collegiate athletics had been loosely structured around on-campus intramural activities since the early 20th century, intercollegiate competition did not take place on a national scale until 1941. During this momentous first year the Department of Physical Education for Women organized a collegiate golf championship at the Ohio State University main campus. The resulting championship marked a major watershed moment for the modern U.S. women's intercollegiate athletics competition culture. The tournament quickly became an annual event once competitions resumed after WWII ended. In the decades that followed women athletes, their coaches and relevant professional and institutional affiliates began investigating the best methods for furthering women's intercollegiate competitions and sports programs.

In 1956, the need to establish a sustainable organization for assuring the continuation of the golf championship brought about the formation of a Tripartite Committee that included administrative appointments by the National Association for Physical Education for College Women (NAPECW), the National Association for Girls and Women's Sport (NAGWS), and the American Federation of College Women. The Tripartite Committee urged the continuation of the national collegiate golf competition, and subsequently underscored a demand for solving the challenges that coaches, athletes and supporters faced when expanding women's intercollegiate competitions. Upon the recommendation of the Tripartite Committee, the National Joint Committee on Extramural Sports for College Women (NJCESCW) was formed to help develop, guide and administer women's intercollegiate athletic programs.

The Commission of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (CIAW) eventually grew out of the NJCESCW. The CIAW sought to expand available championships and preserve women's intercollegiate athletics governance under the auspices of one organization, the Division for Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS), a subsidiary that operated under the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER). The CIAW provided a framework and organization pattern for the conduct of intercollegiate athletic opportunities for women, and sponsored national championships for college women under the guidance of the DGWS.

The AIAW developed from the CIAW in response to an clearly articulated need for sustainable institutional membership practices and effective elected representation. Formation of the AIAW was approved by both the DGWS Council and the AAHPER Board of Directors in 1971, but the CIAW continued to operate until July 1, 1972, at which time the AIAW officially came into existence. The official CIAW to AIAW transition came during an official transition meeting held on June 1-4, 1972. The inaugural AIAW Delegate Assembly then took place the following year, on November 4-6, 1973. On June 1,1979, the AIAW assumed a separate legal identity and became a nonprofit corporation in the District of Columbia. During its successful ten years of involvement in women's intercollegiate sports, the AIAW organized and administered all major competitions at the regional and national levels. In 1981-82 the organization offered 41 national championships in 19 sports - badminton, basketball, crew, cross country, fencing, field hockey, golf, gymnastics, indoor track and field, lacrosse, skiing, soccer, softball (fast and slow pitch), swimming and diving, synchronized swimming, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

The AIAW recognized nine official organizations of regional governance. Southern Region II Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women was composed of schools in Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Southern Region II goals were to "foster broad programs of women's intercollegiate athletics...provide opportunities for women's intercollegiate varsity competition...[and create] an avenue of communication between state organizations and AIAW." Region II missions also included carrying out AIAW national agendas, determining tournament guidelines, and perhaps most important, increasing "public understanding and appreciation of the importance and value of sports and athletics as they contribute to the enrichment of the life of female athlete."

The Region II Executive Board included a Regional Representative, Treasurer, Ethics and Eligibility chairperson, Student Representative, and Commissioner of Championships. Also included in the Board were the presidents from each participating state's intercollegiate women's athletics organization. The Regional Representative served as a voting member of the AIAW Executive Board. Five regional representatives led the Southern Region II of the AIAW, Jan Watson, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, N.C (1972-75), Mary Roland Griffin, Winthrop College, Rock Hill, S.C. (1975-77), Barbara Smith, Longwood College, Longwood, VA (1977-79), Becky Hudson, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY (1979-81), and Miriam Shelden, University of South Carolina, Spartanburg, S.C. (1981-83).

Following the NCAA's decision to offer Division I championships for women in 1981, the AIAW filed an anti-trust lawsuit against the developing athletics organization on October 9, 1981. During the AIAW Fall Executive Board Meeting held in Washington D.C. on October 13-16, 1981, Donna Lopiano, the acting AIAW President, discussed in detail the apparent violations and consequences that the AIAW faced. AIAW administrators and legal counsel concluded that the NCAA's pronouncement was a clear attempt to monopolize and control women's sports. AIAW legal representation charged that the NCAA used "its monopoly power in men's college sports to facilitate its entry into women's college sports...to force AIAW out of existence." Included in their reasoning was the clear and present realities that upon the NCAA decision the "AIAW would not be able to enforce its own rules," nor could it "match the three million dollar package of benefits offered by the NCAA." The resulting litigations proceeded until the spring of 1983.

In early March, 1983, Judge Thomas P. Jackson of the U.S. District Court of the District of Columbia ruled that the NCAA did not violate antitrust laws when they designed and approved a comparable program for women's championships. At the final AIAW Southern Region II Executive Board meeting on April 16, 1983, it was resolved that the AIAW Southern Region II be dissolved. After losing a substantial portion of their members and considerable revenue a Special Delegate Assembly voted on June 7, 1982 to also cease all AIAW operations on June 30, 1983. The Executive Committee of the AIAW appealed Judge Jackson's decision in November 1983, and lost their final strategic legal position on May 18, 1984.

The general attitudes that AIAW members and supporters shared after the ruling can be summed up in a few short lines that President Lopiano iterated. Lopiano lodged legitimate concerns that still echo in contemporary conversations when she declared the NCAA used "its financial monopoly in men's sports to acquire women's sports. And that [acquisition] wasn't coming with any promises to women about fair representation and their role in the NCAA." Perhaps the most telling interpretation of AIAW members' attitudes came from Christine Grant, an AIAW member who spoke at the 1981 NCAA Convention that initiated the dispute. Grant observed that in addition to contemporary Title IX legal interpretations that hindered women's athletics advancement, the AIAW v. NCAA dispute underscored how "the whole decade of the '80s was pretty much a downer...we [women] just seemed to be losing one thing after another."

Subject/Index Terms

Athletics.
Athletics for women.
College sports--Management.
Sports for women--Management
Title IX.
Women athletes.

Administrative Information

Repository: Eastern Kentucky University - Special Collections and Archives

Accruals: 1983-010, 1983-036, 1983-046, 1987-015, 2013-002

Access Restrictions: Materials in the Ethics and Eligibility Series are restricted due to the confidential nature of the records contained in the series.

Acquisition Source: Martha Mullins

Acquisition Method: Donation

Related Materials: Kentucky Women's Intercollegiate Conference Records, 1967-2009 For more information please see http://library-old.eku.edu/archon/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=95&q=kwic.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Ethics and Eligibility],
[Series 2: Membership Series],
[Series 3: Publications Series],
[Series 4: State Series],
[Series 5: Regional Representatives Series, 11 Oct 1971 - 14 Apr 1982],
[Series 6: National Championship Series, 1972 - 1982],
[Series 7: Regional Championships Series, 1971-1982],
[Series 8: Legal Series],
[Series 9: SAPECW Series],
[Series 10: Financial Series],
[All]

Series 1: Ethics and EligibilityAdd to your cart.
The Ethics and Eligibility Series can be found in Boxes 1 through 11, folder 4.  The series contains a Correspondence and Forms Subseries. Confidential information found in the records in this series has been redacted from the digital version. It has not been completely redacted from the physical papers; therefore, the only version of this series available to researchers is the digital version.
Sub-Series 1: Correspondence Subseries, 20 Jun 1972 - 12 Jan 1983Add to your cart.
The Correspondence Subseries is contained in Boxes 1 through 3, and Box 4, folder 1. Materials are arranged chronologically. The subseries consists of correspondence found in the files of the Ethics and Eligibility Chairs of Region II, plus other correspondence of an ethics and eligibility nature. Materials dealing with individual and team eligibility, letters that request transfers, revoking of scholarship aid, eligibility appeals and decisions, and team ethics and conduct codes compose the primary subject matter for the Correspondence Subseries.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 20 Jun 1972 - 14 Dec 1972Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 02 Jan 1973 - 18 Oct 1973Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Correspondence, 21 Jan 1974 - 01 Feb 1974Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Correspondence, 20 Jan 1975 - 31 Dec 1975Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Correspondence, 07 Jan 1976 - 16 Dec 1976Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Correspondence, 07 Jan 1977  - 29 Apr 1977Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Correspondence, 02 May 1977 - 15 Dec 1977Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Correspondence, 04 Jan 1978 - 30 Jun 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Correspondence, 14 Jul 1978 - 20 Dec 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 02 Jan 1979 - 27 Feb 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 01 Mar 1979 - 31 May 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Correspondence, 01 Jun 1979 - 15 Oct 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Correspondence, 16 Oct 1979 - 28 Dec 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Correspondence, 02 Jan 1980 - 28 Feb 1980Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Correspondence, 04 Mar 1980 - 30 Apr 1980Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 01 May 1980 - 30 Sep 1980Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 01 Oct 1980 - 31 Dec 1980Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Correspondence, 02 Jan 1981 - 30 Mar 1981Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Correspondence, 01 Apr 1981 - 29 Aug 1981Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Correspondence, 01 Sep 1981 - 21 Dec 1981Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 01 Jan 1982 - 12 Jan 1983Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sub-Series 2: Forms Subseries, 1974 - 1982Add to your cart.
The Forms Subseries is contained in Box 4 through Box 11, folder 4. Forms are arranged chronologically, and then alphabetically by state and school. Forms filed with the Ethics and Eligibility Chairs for each particular AlAW Region II school can be found in this subseries.  Included are affidavits of Eligibility, Financial Assistance Forms, and Regional Qualifying Event Forms.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Forms (KY, SC, TN, VA), 1974 - 1975Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, N. Carolina Schools, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Forms, Virginia Schools, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (A-M), 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (N-S), 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (W-U), 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Virginia Schools, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (A-N), 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (P-W), 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Virginia Schools, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (A-P), 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (S-W), 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Virginia Schools, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (A-P), 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (S-W), 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, Virginia Schools (A-R), 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, Virginia Schools (S-V), 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (A-L), 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (M-Q), 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, N. Carolina Schools (S-W), 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, Virginia Schools (A-L), 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Virginia Schools (M-V), 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Kentucky Schools, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Forms, N. Carolina Schools, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forms, S. Carolina Schools, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Forms, Tennessee Schools, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Forms, Virginia Schools (A-M), 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Forms, Virginia Schools ( R-V), 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Ethics and Eligibility],
[Series 2: Membership Series],
[Series 3: Publications Series],
[Series 4: State Series],
[Series 5: Regional Representatives Series, 11 Oct 1971 - 14 Apr 1982],
[Series 6: National Championship Series, 1972 - 1982],
[Series 7: Regional Championships Series, 1971-1982],
[Series 8: Legal Series],
[Series 9: SAPECW Series],
[Series 10: Financial Series],
[All]


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