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Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Ethics and Eligibility

Membership Series

Publications Series

State Series

Regional Representatives Series

National Championship Series

Regional Championships Series

Legal Series

SAPECW Series

Financial Series



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Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records, 1969-1984 | Eastern Kentucky University - Special Collections and Archives

By Neil Kasiak and Nell Hensley

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Collection Overview

Title: Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Records, 1969-1984Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Primary Creator: Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. Southern Region II (13 Jan 1969 - 2 Nov 1984)

Extent: 14.1 Cubic Feet

Date Acquired: 04/18/1983. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Athletics., Athletics for women., College sports--Management., Sports for women--Management, Title IX., Women athletes.

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection documents the administrative history of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, Southern Region II. The AIAW Southern Region II included collegiate institutions from Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia so most documents originate from the aforementioned states. The materials highlight the AIAW and its Southern Region II's formation in 1972, their ten year existence, and eventual dissolution in 1983. The types of items in this collection include administrative documents and correspondence, financial records, organization handbooks, regional and national tournament records and reports, and, ethics and eligibility materials. Region II Representative records, AIAW National Minutes reports, publications from other AIAW regions, and various women's athletics related materials are also found in this collection. A Legal Series that documents the lawsuits that the AIAW filed against both the National Broadcasting Company and the National Collegiate Athletics Association is of special interest.

Biographical Note

The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), and the corresponding AIAW Southern Region II, played a fundamental role in institutionalizing women's intercollegiate competition. After forming in 1972, the AIAW established competition networks and developed a sustainable competition strategy that animated women's athletics in the United States. The AIAW maintained a prominent role in intercollegiate organizing and competition until 1983, when it dissolved in response to the National Collegiate Athletics Association's (NCAA) involvement in monopolizing women's intercollegiate competition and the accompanying revenues.

Even though women's collegiate athletics had been loosely structured around on-campus intramural activities since the early 20th century, intercollegiate competition did not take place on a national scale until 1941. During this momentous first year the Department of Physical Education for Women organized a collegiate golf championship at the Ohio State University main campus. The resulting championship marked a major watershed moment for the modern U.S. women's intercollegiate athletics competition culture. The tournament quickly became an annual event once competitions resumed after WWII ended. In the decades that followed women athletes, their coaches and relevant professional and institutional affiliates began investigating the best methods for furthering women's intercollegiate competitions and sports programs.

In 1956, the need to establish a sustainable organization for assuring the continuation of the golf championship brought about the formation of a Tripartite Committee that included administrative appointments by the National Association for Physical Education for College Women (NAPECW), the National Association for Girls and Women's Sport (NAGWS), and the American Federation of College Women. The Tripartite Committee urged the continuation of the national collegiate golf competition, and subsequently underscored a demand for solving the challenges that coaches, athletes and supporters faced when expanding women's intercollegiate competitions. Upon the recommendation of the Tripartite Committee, the National Joint Committee on Extramural Sports for College Women (NJCESCW) was formed to help develop, guide and administer women's intercollegiate athletic programs.

The Commission of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (CIAW) eventually grew out of the NJCESCW. The CIAW sought to expand available championships and preserve women's intercollegiate athletics governance under the auspices of one organization, the Division for Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS), a subsidiary that operated under the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER). The CIAW provided a framework and organization pattern for the conduct of intercollegiate athletic opportunities for women, and sponsored national championships for college women under the guidance of the DGWS.

The AIAW developed from the CIAW in response to an clearly articulated need for sustainable institutional membership practices and effective elected representation. Formation of the AIAW was approved by both the DGWS Council and the AAHPER Board of Directors in 1971, but the CIAW continued to operate until July 1, 1972, at which time the AIAW officially came into existence. The official CIAW to AIAW transition came during an official transition meeting held on June 1-4, 1972. The inaugural AIAW Delegate Assembly then took place the following year, on November 4-6, 1973. On June 1,1979, the AIAW assumed a separate legal identity and became a nonprofit corporation in the District of Columbia. During its successful ten years of involvement in women's intercollegiate sports, the AIAW organized and administered all major competitions at the regional and national levels. In 1981-82 the organization offered 41 national championships in 19 sports - badminton, basketball, crew, cross country, fencing, field hockey, golf, gymnastics, indoor track and field, lacrosse, skiing, soccer, softball (fast and slow pitch), swimming and diving, synchronized swimming, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

The AIAW recognized nine official organizations of regional governance. Southern Region II Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women was composed of schools in Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Southern Region II goals were to "foster broad programs of women's intercollegiate athletics...provide opportunities for women's intercollegiate varsity competition...[and create] an avenue of communication between state organizations and AIAW." Region II missions also included carrying out AIAW national agendas, determining tournament guidelines, and perhaps most important, increasing "public understanding and appreciation of the importance and value of sports and athletics as they contribute to the enrichment of the life of female athlete."

The Region II Executive Board included a Regional Representative, Treasurer, Ethics and Eligibility chairperson, Student Representative, and Commissioner of Championships. Also included in the Board were the presidents from each participating state's intercollegiate women's athletics organization. The Regional Representative served as a voting member of the AIAW Executive Board. Five regional representatives led the Southern Region II of the AIAW, Jan Watson, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, N.C (1972-75), Mary Roland Griffin, Winthrop College, Rock Hill, S.C. (1975-77), Barbara Smith, Longwood College, Longwood, VA (1977-79), Becky Hudson, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY (1979-81), and Miriam Shelden, University of South Carolina, Spartanburg, S.C. (1981-83).

Following the NCAA's decision to offer Division I championships for women in 1981, the AIAW filed an anti-trust lawsuit against the developing athletics organization on October 9, 1981. During the AIAW Fall Executive Board Meeting held in Washington D.C. on October 13-16, 1981, Donna Lopiano, the acting AIAW President, discussed in detail the apparent violations and consequences that the AIAW faced. AIAW administrators and legal counsel concluded that the NCAA's pronouncement was a clear attempt to monopolize and control women's sports. AIAW legal representation charged that the NCAA used "its monopoly power in men's college sports to facilitate its entry into women's college sports...to force AIAW out of existence." Included in their reasoning was the clear and present realities that upon the NCAA decision the "AIAW would not be able to enforce its own rules," nor could it "match the three million dollar package of benefits offered by the NCAA." The resulting litigations proceeded until the spring of 1983.

In early March, 1983, Judge Thomas P. Jackson of the U.S. District Court of the District of Columbia ruled that the NCAA did not violate antitrust laws when they designed and approved a comparable program for women's championships. At the final AIAW Southern Region II Executive Board meeting on April 16, 1983, it was resolved that the AIAW Southern Region II be dissolved. After losing a substantial portion of their members and considerable revenue a Special Delegate Assembly voted on June 7, 1982 to also cease all AIAW operations on June 30, 1983. The Executive Committee of the AIAW appealed Judge Jackson's decision in November 1983, and lost their final strategic legal position on May 18, 1984.

The general attitudes that AIAW members and supporters shared after the ruling can be summed up in a few short lines that President Lopiano iterated. Lopiano lodged legitimate concerns that still echo in contemporary conversations when she declared the NCAA used "its financial monopoly in men's sports to acquire women's sports. And that [acquisition] wasn't coming with any promises to women about fair representation and their role in the NCAA." Perhaps the most telling interpretation of AIAW members' attitudes came from Christine Grant, an AIAW member who spoke at the 1981 NCAA Convention that initiated the dispute. Grant observed that in addition to contemporary Title IX legal interpretations that hindered women's athletics advancement, the AIAW v. NCAA dispute underscored how "the whole decade of the '80s was pretty much a downer...we [women] just seemed to be losing one thing after another."

Subject/Index Terms

Athletics.
Athletics for women.
College sports--Management.
Sports for women--Management
Title IX.
Women athletes.

Administrative Information

Repository: Eastern Kentucky University - Special Collections and Archives

Accruals: 1983-010, 1983-036, 1983-046, 1987-015, 2013-002

Access Restrictions: Materials in the Ethics and Eligibility Series are restricted due to the confidential nature of the records contained in the series.

Acquisition Source: Martha Mullins

Acquisition Method: Donation

Related Materials: Kentucky Women's Intercollegiate Conference Records, 1967-2009 For more information please see http://library-old.eku.edu/archon/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=95&q=kwic.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Ethics and Eligibility],
[Series 2: Membership Series],
[Series 3: Publications Series],
[Series 4: State Series],
[Series 5: Regional Representatives Series, 11 Oct 1971 - 14 Apr 1982],
[Series 6: National Championship Series, 1972 - 1982],
[Series 7: Regional Championships Series, 1971-1982],
[Series 8: Legal Series],
[Series 9: SAPECW Series],
[Series 10: Financial Series],
[All]

Series 7: Regional Championships Series, 1971-1982Add to your cart.
The Regional Championship Series begins in Box 22, folder 11 and ends with Box 29. Materials are arranged chronologically. Within each year materials are arranged alphabetically by each particular regional championship (sport). When applicable, the championship is divided by collegiate division classification. The series includes materials on regional tournament championships such as correspondence, tournament bid forms and site selection materials, applications, tournament guidelines and operating codes, and numerous tournament reports. Correspondence is filed as it pertains to a particular regional championship, and not by the actual date of the correspondence. Miscellaneous folders are included when applicable.
Box 22Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Basketball, 1971-72Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Basketball, 1972-73Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 13: Volleyball, 1972-73Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Basketball, Jr. College, 1973-74Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 15: Basketball, 4 year, 1973-74Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 16: Gymnastics, 1973-74Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 17: Volleyball, 1973-74Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 18: Miscellaneous, 1973-74Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 19: Basketball, 1974-75Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 23Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gymnastics, 1974-75Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Volleyball, 1974-75Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Miscellaneous, 1974-75Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Basketball, Jr. College, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Basketball, Small College, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Basketball, Large College, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Field Hockey, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Gymnastics, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Tennis, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Volleyball (Small/Large), 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Miscellaneous, 1975-76Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Basketball, Jr. College, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 13: Basketball, Small College, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Basketball, Large College, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 24Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gymnastics, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Field Hockey, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Swimming and Diving, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Tennis, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Volleyball (Small/Large), 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Miscellaneous, 1976-77Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Basketball, Jr. and Small Colleges, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Basketball, Large College, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Cross Country, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 25Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Field Hockey, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Gymnastics, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Softball, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Swimming and Diving, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Tennis, Small, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Tennis, Large, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Volleyball (Small/Large), 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Miscellaneous, 1977-78Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Basketball, Small College, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Basketball, Large College, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Cross Country, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Field Hockey and Golf, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 26Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gymnastics, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Softball, and Swimming and Diving, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Tennis, Small, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Tennis, Large, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Track and Field, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Volleyball, Small, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Volleyball, Large, 1978-79Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Miscellaneous, 1978-79Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Basketball, Division III, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Basketball, Divisions I and II, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Cross Country, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Field Hockey, Divisions I - III, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 13: Golf, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Gymnastics, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 15: Softball, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 16: Tennis, Division III, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 17: Tennis, Divisions I and II, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 27Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Volleyball, Division III, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Volleyball, Division II, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Volleyball, Division I, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Miscellaneous, 1979-80Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Basketball, Division III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Basketball, Division II, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Basketball, Division I, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Cross Country, Divisions I - III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Fencing, Field Hockey, Divisions I - III; Golf, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Gymnastics, Divisions I and II, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Softball, Divisions I - III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Swimming, Division III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 13: Tennis, Division III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Tennis, Divisions II and I, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 15: Volleyball, Division III, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 16: Volleyball, Division II, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 28Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Volleyball, Division I, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Miscellaneous, 1980-81Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Basketball, Division III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Basketball, Division II, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Basketball, Division I, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Cross Country, Divisions I - III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Fencing, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Field Hockey, Divisions I - III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Golf, Divisions II and III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Golf, Division I; Gymnastics, Division II, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Gymnastics, Division I; Lacrosse, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 12: Soccer, Division I; Fast and Slow Pitch Softball, Divisions I - III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 13: Swimming and Diving, Divisions II and III; Tennis, Division III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Tennis, Divisions I and II, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 15: Track and Field, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 29Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Volleyball, Division III, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Volleyball, Division II, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Volleyball, Division I, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Miscellaneous, 1981-82Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Ethics and Eligibility],
[Series 2: Membership Series],
[Series 3: Publications Series],
[Series 4: State Series],
[Series 5: Regional Representatives Series, 11 Oct 1971 - 14 Apr 1982],
[Series 6: National Championship Series, 1972 - 1982],
[Series 7: Regional Championships Series, 1971-1982],
[Series 8: Legal Series],
[Series 9: SAPECW Series],
[Series 10: Financial Series],
[All]


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